Within the GBADs Approach, evaluation of the burden of animal diseases is broken down into different methodological themes, and the methods will be applied to case studies which will be conducted at production system, regional, country and sector levels.

Ethiopia has been selected as the first case study country for GBADs owing to its large, diverse and ambitious livestock sector that is recognized as important in terms of supporting cropping activities, human nutrition and international trade. In the current two year phase of GBADs (January 2021- December 2022), the Ethiopia case study will be implemented by the International Livestock Research Institute with the support of the GBADs directorate and themes.  The work in Ethiopia in these two years will serve as a proof of concept for GBADs and will act as a springboard for its global implementation. This webpage is intended to communicate the activities and outputs of GBADs Ethiopia case study.

Leading Partners

The GBADs case study approach

Latest News

GBADs Ethiopia case study which is led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) conducted an inception stakeholder workshop on March 18th 2021, at ILRI campus in Addis Ababa. The workshop was conducted in a hybrid mode in which important GBADs local stockholders, from government, industry, research and development projects participated in person observing COVID-19 requirements, and other local and intentional collaborators and partners joined the meeting virtually.  

The objective of the half day workshop was to introduce GBADs and the Ethiopian case study to key Ethiopian stakeholders, to understand to what extent livestock and livestock disease management policies are currently informed by economic information, and to identify key priorities of stakeholders with regards to GBADs activities in EthiopiaThe workshop also allowed GBADs international partners to engage with and understand the GBADs Ethiopian case study and local stakeholder organisations. 

During the workshop two presentations: 1) About GBADs Ethiopian case study main activities, and 2)GBADs disease prioritization work were presented in the plenary session. This was followed group work when Ethiopian stakeholders discussed the extent of existing use of economic data and reasoning for decision making, the level of future need and priorities for economic information for decision/policy making, expectations and suggestions on how GBADs could contribute to this need, and what existing data could be used for GBADs analyses. The workshop proceeding is available here.

Source: International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Ethiopia

Outputs, Activities and Timeline

Major outputs  

The Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) Ethiopia case study in collaboration with the different themes of GBADs will produce the following major outputs in the current phase 2021-2022: 

  1. GBADs will be known, understood, supported, and utilized by stakeholders (beneficiaries) in Ethiopia. 
  2. Livestock production systems in Ethiopia will be classified; and population, biomass, and production and economic values of the priority production systems will be estimated.
  3. Animal diseases burden will be estimated for the prioritized production systems.
  4. The estimated disease burden will be attributed to major disease problems.
  5. Wider economic impact of animal diseases will be considered.
  6. The capacity of GBAD stakeholders in animal health economics will be increased.
  7. A comprehensive report compiling and synthesising the works of the GBADs Ethiopia case study will be produced.  

 Major Activities and timelines  

The major activities and timelines for GBADs Ethiopia case study in the phase of 2021-2022 are presented in the following table.  

Major activities  


Stakeholder engagement  

  • Identify relevant stakeholders and conduct inception workshop to introduce GBADs and create interaction between stakeholders in different GBADs themes.  
  • Establish advisory committee from key stakeholders that guide and support the GBADs activities.  
  • Conduct follow up meetings of stakeholders and advisory committee as necessary 


Estimation of livestock population, population biomass and economic value  

  • Classify production systems for priority sectors.  
  • Collect data, and estimate population, biomass, production and economic value for priority production systems.   


Estimation of animal disease burden  

  • Develop production loss and expenditure estimation method (Animal health loss envelope (AHLE)), 
  • Collect data, and estimate AHLE for priority livestock production systems. 


Disease burden attribution  

  • Identify important list of disease problems for the priority production systems, 
  • Collect data on identified diseases and attribute the disease burden for identified disease problems for the priority production systems. 



Estimating wider economic impact of animal diseases  

  • Investigate wider economic impact of animal diseases using macro-economic models  


Capacity building  

  • Identify relevant stakeholders for training,  
  • Prepare training materials, and conduct training Worksop on animal health economics and GBADs approaches  


Compiling GBADs Ethiopia case study work 

  • Organize the outputs of all activities of the case study done by the GBADs themes (PPS, PLE, AHO, WEI, Disease prioritization) into the report, and  
  • Synthesise the main findings and draw conclusions and recommendations out of the case study in general  


Meet the Team

Theodore Knight-Jones
Case Study Lead
Wudu Temesgen
ILRI Postdoctoral Research Associate